On January 5, 1945, ETR government passed
a political platform, which
1) End the Chinese dictatorial rule in the land of Eastern
2) Establish a free and independent Eastern Turkistan based
on equality for
3) In order to fully develop East Turkistan's economy,
agricultural and animal husbandry as well as private
people's living standard.
4). Since the majority people of Eastern Turkistan believes
Islam, so the
government particularly advocate this religion. At the same
religious freedom for other religion.
5) Develop education, culture and health standard of Eastern
6) Establish friendly relations with all the democratic
countries in the
world, especially with the neighboring USSR. In the mean
political and economical relation with China.
7) In order to protect Eastern Turkistan's peace, recruit
people of all
nationality to establish a strong army.
8) The Bank, Post Service, Telephone and Telegraph, Forestry
underground wealth belong to the nation.
9) Eliminate individualism, bureaucratic idea, nationalism
corruption among the government officials.
Since the formation of ETR until early 1950 when Communist
government gain control over the three districts, ETR had
existed for about 6 years and was a de facto independent
ETR covered more then 20 percent of the region and consisted
percent of the region's population, it strongly challenged
sovereignty not only in Ghulja, Altay, Chochek three
districts, but also
throughout all region of UAR.
During its administration, ETR government formed an army
with about 25,000
members, the army completely wiped out the Chinese
Nationalist Army forces
from the three districts and greatly weakened the control of
over the whole region, which according to Chinese communist
region revolution contributed a great deal for the peaceful
Xinjiang and for the victory of people's democratic
revolution in whole
In August, 1949, in a letter addressed to one of the leaders
of ETR, Mr.
Akhmetjan Khasim, Mao Zedong wrote:
"Many years of your struggle is one of the component of
people's democratic revolutionary movement." This statement
importance of Three Regions Revolution toward the
establishment of the
People's Republic of China in 1949.
It is a historical fact that Eastern Turkistan was
peacefully handed over to
the communist Chinese state. One of the main reasons is that
government promised to give local Turkic people self-ruling
After about a half century later, however, the reality for
people is that, instead of gaining self -determination, they
deprived of everything achieved through the Three District
The tragic and mysterious death of the leaders of the ETR
August 27, 1949, signaled a decline of the ETR. 11 members
of the ETR's
highest officials were reported dead as a result of an
airplane crash in the
mountains around the Soviet lake Baikal on their way to
Beijing to attend
the "Political Consultant Conference".
Shortly after this event, the Chinese government started to
"clean up" the
ETR, by, first, "promoting" higher ranking ETR officials to
Urumqi and other
regions where ETR had less influence, and second, dismissing
National Army by transforming it to agricultural units.
Most of the ETR officials who had been assigned to work in
government were eventually prosecuted or displaced in 1950's
so-called "Against Right-Wing" campaign, and in 1960's
during the "Great
Nowadays, the few "lucky" minority cadres, who have an
are constantly under danger of being labeled as "splittist"
if they dare to
speak up for the local people. Basically, every, more or
less key, position
in XUAR is held by a Chinese.
The ET revolution, which is described by the official
Chinese historians as
an "important component of the Chinese revolution", is only
mentioned in the Chinese history textbooks. There is no
single history book
in China that talks in detail about the Eastern Turkistan
although, the country had existed for 6 years.
The Chinese government wants to erase the history of Eastern
Revolution, and makes everything possible to the Uighur
youth to forget
about the great event. It is up to us whether the Chinese
succeeded in this. Let us try to learn and remember every
single moment of
our history. People without history is a people without